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Rules for working 「働くルール」

更新日:2020年2月26日

Wages

The Minimum Wage Act stipulates the minimum amount of wage that a company must pay.
The "minimum wage" applies to all workers, including regular employees, dispatched workers,
contract employees, part-time workers, temporary workers and so on regardless of differences
in their type of employment. It is prohibited, even if a worker agrees, to conclude a contract at
a lower wage than the minimum wage. Hence, even if you agreed to work at a lower wage than
the minimum wage at the request of a company, such a promise is null and void under the law,
and it shall be regarded you agreed to a wage equal to the amount of the minimum wage.
Therefore, you can claim a sum equal to the difference of your wage from the minimum
wage, x hours worked, later

Leave allowance


In the event of an absence from work for reasons attributable to the company, the company
must pay leave allowance equal to at least 60 percent of the worker's average wage in order to 
guarantee the minimum living standard of the worker. As long as the reasons for absence from 
work are attributable to the company,
a certain level of salary is guaranteed to the worker.
Therefore, one should not assume that “I cannot be paid because I did not work”.

How the wages are paid

There are rules on how wages must be paid to ensure that wages are paid in full to the
workers. The following four principles are established.
1) Principle of payment in currency
Wages must be paid in cash. It is not permitted to pay in kind (such as company goods).
However, if a worker agrees, bank transfer or other means can be used.
In addition, if a company and the labor union made an agreement, payment can be made in
kind instead of payment in currency.
2) Principle of direct payment
Wages must be paid directly to the worker himself. For example, a company can not make
payment to parents, etc., on the ground that the worker is a minor.
3) The principle of payment in full
The wages must be paid in full. It is prohibited to forcibly deduct part of the wages
(deduction).
However, deductions stipulated by law, such as income tax and social insurance premiums,
etc., are permitted. In addition, it is permitted for a company to deduct part of the wages if a
written agreement is concluded with a labor union formed by a majority of workers, or a
representative of a majority of workers in cases where there is no union formed by a majority
of workers.
4) Principle of payment at least once a month periodically
Wages must be paid at least once a month on a fixed date. For example, it is not permitted to
pay a two-month wage altogether. In addition, it is prohibited not to specify the date of
payment, for example, is not permitted to say "from 20th to 25th every month” , or "the 4th
Friday every month”, in which the payment day changes within the range of 7 days in a
month. However, extraordinary wages and bonuses are exceptions.

Working hours, rest periods, rest days

Maximum Working hours are stipulated by law. The Labor Standards Law stipulates that the
maximum working hours should be 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week (legal working hours).
If a company wants to have workers work overtime, the company must pay extra wages.
In addition, a company must provide its workers, during the working hours, with a rest period
of at least 45 minutes if the working hours per day exceed 6 hours, and at least 60 minutes if
they exceed 8 hours.
The company must give workers at least one rest day (legal holiday) per week, or at least 4
rest days over the period of 4 weeks.
In addition, although the worker dispatching agency shall assume responsibility for making
decisions on working conditions of dispatched workers, including working hours, rest periods,
holidays, etc., the company receiving the worker dispatch service shall assume responsibility for 
observing those rules.

Annual paid leave


Annual paid leave is a holiday (vacation) that a worker may take for which wages are paid
even though he is absent from work on the prescribed work days. A worker who has been
working continuously for 6 months and reported for work on at least 80% of the total working
days can take annual paid leave of 10 working days. Furthermore, as the worker’s years of
service increases, the number of paid holidays he can enjoy annually will increase as well as long
as he meets the condition of at least 80% of attendance at work (with an upper limit of 20 days).
In addition, workers such as dispatched workers and part-time workers, even though they have
different types of employment from that of regular employees, shall be granted the same number
of paid holidays as regular employees, provided they:
・have worked continuously for 6 months
・reported for work on at least 80% of all working days (*)
・worked for at least 5 days a week or 217 days a year
Even in cases where they work only 4 days or less a week or 216 days or less a year, they
shall be granted paid holidays in the same amount as regular employees, if their prescribed
working hours are at least 30 hours a week.
Workers whose prescribed working hours are 4 days or less a week or 216 days or less a year,
and whose prescribed working hours are less than 30 hours a week, are granted paid holidays
commensurate to the prescribed number of their working days.
* When the contract of an employee with a fixed-term contract is renewed, the days he reported for work prior
to renewal of the contract will be included in the calculation if renewal of contract makes it virtually the same as continuous employment.

City of Toyokawa - International and Civic Activity Division豊川市役所 市民協働国際課
  Postal code: 442-8601
  Address: 1-1, Suwa, Toyokawa, Aichi, Japan
  Phone: 0533-89-2158
  Open days and time: Monday - Friday, 8:30am - 5:15pm
  Holidays: Saturday, Sunday, National and Year-end and New-year Holidays December 29 - January 3

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以下フッターです。

豊川市役所

〒442-8601 愛知県豊川市諏訪1丁目1番地 電話:0533-89-2111(代表)
開庁日時:月曜から金曜 午前8時30分から午後5時15分 閉庁日:土曜・日曜、国民の祝日、年末年始(12月29日から1月3日)
法人番号:1000020232076(法人番号について
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